Surrogate Wars: A Real Look At Wars
Rev. William Crumley CSC
|About the Author
Rev Bill Crumley is an ordained Holy Cross priest. He served as associate pastor and pastor of Holy Cross Church in Lafayette, La. From 1967 to 1977. During that time he also established St. Basil Church in Judice, La. He has worked in social ministry to develop alternative energy sources for low income community members. Crumley is currently the pastor of Immaculate Conception Church in Charenton, La., and has self-published several of his own books such as Offbeat Museums, Ecoflections, and Forces of History.
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|Number of Pages||112 Pages|
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The book Surrogate Wars: A Real Look At Wars written by Rev. William Crumley CSC touches on many different disciplines: economics, political science, history, religion, military and military history, and war.
Surrogate Wars: A Real Look At Wars looks at the international monetary system in place today. The book examines how war played a very central factor in creating this system. The book examines the economic forces which drive war. Chapter two looks at the evolution of central banks. These banks are almost always private institutions owned and run by bankers. But these central banks take over the role of creating money. They determine the economic policy of nations. Our own central bank, the Federal Reserve, performs these duties in violation of our constitution.
Surrogate Wars: A Real Look At Wars looks at The Bank For International Settlements set up at the end of World War 1. The stated intention of the bank was to create a fund which would enable Germany and several other European nations to pay off the debt they had incurred as a result of World War 1. A large portion of that debt was owed to the United States of America. According to the plan agreed upon the USA was to put up the bulk of the money owed. These funds would form the capital of the bank. Interest accruing from this money would be used to pay off the debt, most of whichwas owed to the USA.
A year before the end of World War 2 a conference was held at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire. This conference set up some of the tools eventually to be used by the United Nations. The structure of the World Bank was set up at this conference. It took a slightly different spin than the Bank For International Settlements. Instead of settling war debts this bank loaned money to third world nations for “development”. This so called development allowed mega corporations to come into third world nations and set up large industrial complexes.
This “development” had several consequences. 1) It destroyed local and native land use patterns. 2) It forced people off of the land which they had used to sustain their existence. 3) It brought in outside corporations who took over the land and evicted people from it. 4) It created large debts owed by the governments of these nations.
The book begins by showing a similar pattern used 300 years earlier to evict Native Americans from the land. The natives had developed a trading and barter economy which helped them meet many of their basic needs. One of the central components of this economy was the deer and its skin. This deer provided food. Its skin was used to make houses. It formed part of their clothing. A few deer could provide much of a family’s needs. Any excess deer or deerskins could be traded.
The Europeans came in and introduced the gun. Most items needed by the Native Americans could be purchased for one or two deerskins. One gun sold for THIRTY deerskins. Ammunition for the guns was also outrageously expense (10-20 deerskins). The Natives became so indebted they could not pay their debt. At a time their debt grew outrageously, the value of their basic currency was deflated. The Indians were forced to give up their land in payment of the debt.
Not much has changed today. Weapons, much more sophisticated today, are used to create debt. At the same time our central bank, the Federal Reserve, issues more and more currency which deflates the value of the currency. The debt which results is the responsibility of the federal government. These central and mega banks do not have much imagination. But they do not have to. We never seem to learn from our past.
|Review by :
The Banner Tribune Franklin, Louisiana USA
|The Economics of War |
Author Expresses Dollar-Driven Motivation for International Combat CHARENTON, La. The fact that weapons of mass destruction were never found have Americans questioning the reasons behind the Iraqi invasion. In his book, Surrogate Wars: A Real Look at Wars (now available through Blackwell‘s), Rev. William Crumley offers insight into today’s conflicts by revealing a history of hidden agendas.
In Surrogate Wars, he examines how money has been used as a manipulation tool throughout history. Crumley begins by discussing the deals between European settlers and American Indians, which forced the natives into debt. Then, Crumley takes readers into the early 20th century. Central banks were created in Europe to gain control of less wealthy nations by exercising a credit system. The power of these institutions expanded rapidly during the expensive rebuilding efforts that were necessary after World Wars I and II.
Surrogate Wars also describes the potent influence of America’s central bank, the Federal Reserve, on this country and others. Crumley writes how this system of private bankers has manipulated the U.S. government by propagating debt. He details the main purpose of the Federal Reserve issued money, which he says is to fund weapons manufacturing and U.S. military activity. In addition, Crumley discusses John F. Kennedy’s attempts to loosen the Federal Reserve’s grip on the government before his death.
Crumley shares his research on the United Nations, the Bank for International Settlements and NATO, and shows how these organizations haveinfluences global interactions. He also writes how, after years of being manipulated, some nations in the Middle East are fighting back by implementing new economic systems.
A thoroughly researched and enlightening examination of the financial fuel behind military endeavors, Surrogate Wars offers an important perspective on historic events and today’s conflicts.
|Review by Christi Landry, The Daily Iberian, Charenton
In these troubled times, it seems as though everyone has questions about the government and its inner workings. Rev. William Crumley has written a book to address the issues of war, debt and the government's role in it all.
Crumley, pastor of Immaculate Conception Church in Charenton, began doing research more than 12 years ago for his book, "Surrogate Wars: A Real Look at Wars."
His interest was piqued when he wanted to talk about rates with Cleco. He began searching out the corporation's owner and discovered that the company was owned by various owners. Crumley looked closer at the dynamic of the company's ownership and found that the same holds true for the Federal Reserve, the central bank of the United States.
"The federal reserve is actually a group of private bankers. They create debt. A big corporation can borrow a billion dollars and use it as an asset to borrow another billion," Crumley said. "We think the federal reserve is a government agency. It's not. We are voting for a president but he can't do anything because he has no control over the federal reserve."
The roots of creating debt, Crumley said, run deep in our nation. "This is not something new. About 300 years ago in Louisiana, the basic currency was deerskin. It was used for housing, clothing and bartering. Then the European introduced guns," said Crumley. "Indians could buy most items for five to six deerskins. To buy guns it took 30 and 20 for gunpowder. They came into huge debt. Then the Europeans said, 'In payment for your debt, we'll take your land,' and they became indebted," he said. "The same thing applies now. Trillions are owed to the federal reserve."
Crumley said war plays a major factor in debts. "This is one of the greatest means of creating debt," he said. He said the trend continued by the government using central banks as a credit system throughout the two world wars. "After World War I, we were the bank for Europe," said Crumley. A treaty set up the Bank for International Settlements. It created a mechanism for repaying debt. Most the debt was owed to the United States," he said.
Crumley recalled how he visited the Federal Reserve in Atlanta some years ago and got confirmation that debt is created as a means of keeping the economy going. "That's why the government creates jobs and debts. The government hires 60 to 70 percent of the people that are working and with the defense agencies, it's even higher."
He even recalls getting into debates with his college economic professors about the state of debt in our nation. "We argued round and round every class. I told him no organization or person can continually go into debt. You have to pay at some point."
The book is also based on research that is outlined throughout it's pages. "The entire book is footnoted. Everything I have is documented. A lot came out of research," Crumley said. Crumley said he wrote the book to satisfy his curiosity. "My first goal was clarification of my own thought."
Crumley has done publicity for the book including book signings and readings
and he is in contact with universities. He said there has been no negative
feedback. He is also pleased that his words are conveying the thoughts of others. "A
lot of people are telling me, 'I knew that but I couldn't put it in to words,'" he said. "I feel good about that".
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